Energy Research Centre is Established at University of UIN Suska Riau Indonesia

30 10 2011

EnReach‘s company profile can be downloaded from the figure below:

On the Engineers’ Day 15 September 2011, the Faculty of Science and Technology (FST) at University of UIN Suska Riau in Indonesia made new important move by establishing the Energy Research Centre (EnReach).

Some backgrounds behind the establishment of EnReach include:

  • Energy is critical for modern society to get a better quality of life. Various issues and difficulties will occur when access to energy is limited.
  • Access to modern among people in society is not equal. International Energy Agency (2011) noted over 1.3 billion people, mostly in developing countries, do not have access to electricity and about 2.7 billion without clean cooking facilities. In Indonesia, over 70 million inhabitants have no access to electricity, where over 80% are in remote areas, and 50% are outside Java and Bali.
  • The past and current practices in energy production and consumption have not only been benefiting people and the development, but also has been causing various social and environmental impacts such cultural changes and depletion of environment carrying capacity.
  • On the other hands, Indonesia is endowed with various energy resources in large capacity, but yet optimally utilized.
  • FST UIN Suska Riau believes that the future strategy of energy development must apply sustainability principles which balances the economy, social, and environment aspects. This effort would require active involvements of academic, business, and government sectors.

EnReach‘s vision is to become the leading energy research institution in Riau province that offers a global-class solutions to address local energy issues.

  1. Conduct studies and multidisciplinary energy researches to help addressing energy supply issues in the province of Riau and Indonesia, by applying the principles of sustainable energy developments.
  2. Undertake partnerships and collaboration with society in improving access to reliable and affordable energy that promote productive activities.
  3. Disseminate the results of studies and researches and promote the sustainable energy.
  4. Implement an accountable, transparent, and quality-oriented management.

EnReach‘s logo:

EnReach‘s motto is EnLightening People”.

Organisational stucture of EnReach include:

  1. Boards
  2. Executive
  3. Researchers

Board members:

  1. The Dean of FST UIN Suska Riau (ex-officio, Board Member) – Field: Architecture.
  2. Kunaifi (founder, Chief of Board) – Field: renewable energy, energy efficiency, sustainable development.
  3. Novriyanto (founder, Board Member) – Field: Green ICT, IT project management, IT strategy and assessments.
  4. Petir Papilo (founder, Board Member) – Field: energy policy, quality control.
  5. Zulfatri Aini (founder, Board Member) – Field: energy efficiency, power systems, power system planning and analysis.
  6. Liliana (founder, Board Member) – Field: renewable energy, power systems, power system protection.
  7. Nesdi Evrilyan Rozanda (founder, Board Member) – Field: green ICT, IT project management.

EnReach currently focuses on four areas that can be implemented in the form of researches, projects, programs, and interventions:

  1. Renewable energy
  2. Energy efficiency
  3. Green ICT
  4. Energy policy

After six weeks of its foundation, EnReach has undertaken and involved in the following activities:

  1. Studi persiapan proyek pembangkit listrik tersambung jaringan di atap kantor Pemprov Riau.
  2. Menjadi tuan rumah riset bio-energi mahasiswa S2 dari Hochscule Amberg-Weiden German.
  3. Studi potensi energi biomassa di 2Kabupaten di Propinsi Riau.
  4. Audit energi pada sektor bangunan kantor, bekerjasama dengan Direktorat Energi Baru, Terbarukan dan Konservasi Energi Kementerian ESDM dan PT. Energy Management Indonesia.
  5. Involved in formulating the Riau Province Electricity Regulation.
  6. Develop a sustainable concept of solar home systems project for Riau Mining and Energy Office.
  7. MoU with Hochscule Amberg-Weiden Germany in the fields of renewable energy, energy efficiency, and sustainable forest management.
  8. Preparatory studies for PV system installation on the rooftop of Riau Government Office, colaboration with Hochscule Amberg-Weiden Germany.
  9. Hosted a Master student from Hochscule Amberg-Weiden Germany in conducting bioenergy research in Riau Province.
  10. Study on biomass energy potential in two regencies in Riau Province.
  11. Energy audit on the office building sector, a collaboration with the Directorate of New Energy, Renewable Energy and Energy Conservation the Ministry of Energy Mineral Resources Republic of Indonesia and Energy Management Indonesia Tbk.

Beside conducting independent studies, researches, and programs, EnReach is available for collaboration programs with national and institutional institutions. Currently EnReach is in the final phase of discussion with a clean energy company in Jakarta and an international NGO based in Paris for a collaboration programs in renewable energy surveys and capacity building in clean energy.

Please visit EnReach at www.enreach.or.id and via email to info@enreach.or.id or kunaifi@enreach.or.id (Chief of Board).

 





Bank of Riau Tower Energy-Hungry?

7 08 2010

It was very interesting to follow the news on Riau Pos (20/7/2010) about the ground breaking ceremony of Bank Riau’s Dang Merdu Tower. This prestigious building project of over 20 thousand square meters area is a proof of supremacy of the Riau Government-owned enterprise in the banking sector. According to the Director of Bank Riau, Ir. Erzon, MM., the tower design “involves three elements combining Malay culture, Islam and modern architecture together.”

But He did not mention one important thing, which is the energy aspects of the building (especially electricity), which should become the fourth element of the 15 floors tower. This article is intended to encourgage any party who construct large buildings to consider efficient use of energy for the sake of a better future. Let us hope Bank Riau is becoming a pioneer.

Why Energy Efficient Building?

In the midst of this global energy crisis, where energy supply is increasingly scarce and expensive, adding big buildings means consumption more energy in a large quantity. The limited energy ‘cake’  must be divided wisely, through the implementation of the principles of energy-efficient buildings.

A building is considered energy efficient if it uses less energy to provide the same energy services. According to the International Energy Agency (2007), approximately 45% of Indonesia’s primary energy was consumed in buildings, which means that the building sector is responsible for a significant proportions of greenhouse gases (GHGs) emission. Through the implementation of energy saving (on the design and operation of buildings), the building management has potential to gain financial benefit, help in reducing GHG emissions, and would actively involved in securing electricity supply in Riau Province.

There are many examples of successful energy saving movement in buildings. In California for example, East End Capitol complex saves up to IDR 300 million per month through its energy efficiency programs. Also, a hospital in Jakarta that initially paid approximately IDR 320 million for electricity bill per month, reduces by about IDR 60 million per month for electricity after implementing energy saving programs.

(Foto: http://i195.photobucket.com/albums/z171/rilham2new/Pekanbaru%20Lovely%20City/COnstruction%20Update/bank_riau_design.jpg)

Another example as an illustration, the Asian Development Bank (ADB) office building in Manila which covers about 6.5 times prospective Bank Riau Tower saved electricity bill of USD 730 thousand in 1999 alone after implementing energy saving programs. Accordingly, by assuming the same pattern of electricity consumption and extrapolate based on their sizes, the Bank Riau Tower could avoid electric bill of about IDR 1 billion per year by implementing an energy saving program in its new building. In general, according to the textbook, a well-planned and consistent energy saving programs is potential to save between 20-70% of energy consumption in buildings.

From the environment aspect, save energy means burning less fossil fuels, therefore reduce GHG emissions. Following the above example, the ADB office building and the hospital were successfully eliminate 18 thousand tons and 1,600 tons of greenhouse gas emissions per year, respectively, compared to previous situation. This is a new potential for cash income for the Bank Riau through the clean development mechanism (CDM) scheme. Hospital in Jakarta, for example, was able to gain more than Rp. 100 million per year through CER-CDM scheme.

Recommendation for Bank Riau

Four factors that make up the electricity bills in a building include: the design and construction of the building, electrical applicances used, and the behavior of building users. Since the design of the building has been completed, the Bank still have options  to consider the second through the third factors.

First, use high efficient electrical appliances. For example, a lighting system that consumes about 20 percent of electricity in office buildings can be made efficient through an optimum lamp selection and layout, followed by an appropriate choice of interior color. Similarly, the air conditioning system (AC), which usually dominates electricity consumption in office buildings, should be adjusted with building characteristics to allow it consume less energy. The same principles can be applied to electric motors (on escalators and elevators), and other electrical equipments such as computers.

Second, no matter how efficient the electrical equipments used are, they will not be much useful without being followed by supporting the behavior of building accupants, such as the television remains on unwatched, or an empty room is left with air conditioning and lights on, and so forth. This issue requires awareness of building occupants, or can be assisted by installing occupancy control systems to turn the equipment automatically off and on when the room was emptied and reoccupied. The Ministry for Energy and Mineral Resources regulation number 31/2005 for example, suggests that the room temperature should be set at 25o Celsius, air conditioning and escalators not operated before the working hours begin and turned off one hour before office hours ended.

Both strategies are implemented under an Energy Management Program (EMP) which is now popular; a continuous movement of energy saving in buildings. Because the EMP involves a complex process, a company usually chooses an Energy Manager who responsibles for the implementation of the EMP directly to top management.

Recommendation for the Government

As a natural resource-rich region with long experienced managing energy, the governments of provinces and regencies/cities in Riau can also be a pioneer in energy-saving movement as consciousness that oil reserve in Riau is running out. Beside implementing the PME in their buildings, the government through relevant agencies are expected to begin energy efficiency movement. There have been many successful examples in various countries. The United States for example, has Energy Star program which requires each electrical equipment to be starred showing its energy consumption level; the more stars the more energy efficient. While in Australia and many other nations, the government subsidizes the installation of photovoltaic systems to reduce dependence on fossil fuels.

Conclusion

This short article however, just contains a small piece of information about energy efficient buildings and EMP. The principle of EMP relies on principle that energy efficient does not mean sacrificing comfortness. Energy efficient behaviour has to be started from today, leaded by the government and business then followed by all people. With our current energy-hungry lifestyle, petroleum, coal, and natural gas are running out in near future. Let’s slow them down with an energy wiser lifestyle while saving money, gain benefit, and help conservating the environment.

Congratulation Bank Riau!

Kunaifi, PgDipEnSt., M.Sc.

Lecturer in Energy at the Faculty of Science and Technology

UIN Suska Riau, Indonesia

kunaifi@gmail.com





Riau Climate Change Center

8 01 2010

Published by Riau Pos, 6 January 2010.

Among the President SBY entourage at the 15th Conference of the Parties (COP) on Climate Change in Copenhagen in December 2009, Riau Governor Rusli Zainal become one of the brightest star. There are two reasons. First, the Governor’s initiative to assign the Giam Siak Kecil – Bukit Batu as a biosphere reserve and peat research center recently, was appreciated by UNESCO with a Man of the Biosphere 2009 to the Governor. An very prestigious international recognition in environment. Second, in Copenhagen, the Governor initiated the establishment of Riau Climate Change Center (RCCC), an initiative that of course has atracted supports of many parties, interstate and abroad. This article discusses about the idea of establishing the RCCC. Some suggestions will be proposed.

The Governor said that the intention to establish the RCCC was encouraged by a conciouseness that Riau has been contributing significantly to global climate change. Therefore, Riau has to be responsible. The Riau involvement consists of a long list, the most recent one is its ‘sin’ by converting peatland into plantations. As a result, Riau is cornered by the world’s community. Some strategic steps have been initiated to respond to protests from various parties such as preparing a Masterplan of Sustainable Management of Riau Peatland 2009 following the MoU between the Governor and six regencies Riau and the Ministry for Environment, in 2008. In addition, it has also made an agreement with ten Governors of Sumatra in 2009 to save Sumatra island through an ecosystem-based spatial planning, critical area restoration, and protection of conservation areas. But all these initiatives are enough, then the RCCC was conceived as an ‘ultimate movement. ”

Citing the Governor, the RCCC will answer all climate change-related issues in Riau. This institution will accommodate all stakeholders including the businesses. Through the RCCC, the government will pursue in reaching the target of reducing carbon dioxide emissions by 26 percent in 2020. The Givernor’s idea of establishing the RCCC is a breakthrough intelligent and mush be supported.

Nevertheless, several things must be considered related to the establishment and operation of RCCC. First, climate change is the results of multifactor processes, so the mitigation and adaptation processes to be performed must be cross-sectoral. The Governor recommends stakeholders to be involved including government, business, NGOs, universities, and community leaders. But this is not enough. The Police and the National Army (TNI) must also be involved. For comparison, the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) of the United States recently opened a new division called the Center on Climate Change and National Security. The CIA argued that climate change is not only harmful to the ecology, but can also lead to excesses of political, economic, and social stability in the future, mainly because the climate change could trigger competition in getting the natural resources. Other stakeholders should be inclded in the RCCC are representative of provinces in Sumatra. It is the fact that the problem of climate change cannot be localized; Riau and its neighbors share in ‘planting’ climate change and ‘harvest’ the consequences together.

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Second, the RCCC should be the prime institution where the concepts of sustainable development in Riau sourced, not just as a center for the studies of climate hhange. So to ensure its effectiveness, RCCC should hold political power. On this basis, it is less appropriate if the RCCC positioned under the Environment Agency (BLH) of Riau Province, as expressed by the Governor (Tribun Pekanbaru, 18/12/2009). This position will cause a political obstacles when the RCCC’s recommendations to be implemented by all provincial and regency/city institutions. Consequently, BLH will be cornered by the public if the problem of climate change in Riau is not resolved. The situation would be better if the RCCC is directly led by the Governor while the BLH will become the leading sector.

Third, to ensure its effectiveness and the clarity of the direction of Riau development, the first product should the RCCC shape is the concept of Riau Green or whatever its name; a policy  instrument of sustainable development Riau. This is in line with the 7th goal of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). To be effective, Riau Green should be confirmed by a Provincial Law (Perda).

Fourth, it is true that today Riau is highlighted because the issue of deforestation, forest fires, and peatland use. But in the long term, there are other important sectors involved in climate change. Among the dominants are transportation and energy (especially electricity). The number of motor vehicles is uncontrolled and this worsens the climate. Then it is the time to aplly a high quality of mass transportation system to reduce the number of private vehicles on roads. In the electricity sector, it has been shownd that the dominance of coal and natural gas (both are the main causes of climate change) will continue. Because both causes the same bad effects as the transportation, power sector development should be developed through an energy-mix stratagy through expansion of renewable energy, particularly to electrify 60% of unelectrified population in Riau.

Fifth, in the early stages, the involvement of experts from outside the Riau in the RCCC is required for local capacity building reason. But the local experts must be given a wide space in the RCCC. Because the ‘war’ against climate change will never end. For efficiency and sustainability of the war, during the next phases the dependence on experts from outside the province should be minimised, because the front guard is the Riau people alone.

To summing up, we have a question to ask: will the problem is addressed after the RCCC formed? No guarantee! This Governor’s smart idea is only a beginning. No matter how good the work and recommendations of RCCC, will not bring any changes without real implementation. Experiences prove that we already have many policies on environment conservation, but they have not brought significant changes. One thing is obvious, the Man of Biosphere 2009 is a moral burden for us, that now we have no choice, unless to attach ecological aspects on any economic and sociopolitical development program in Riau.

 

Kunaifi, ST., PgDipEnSt., M.Sc.

Lecturere of Energy and Environment

at the Faculty of Science and Technology

UIN Suska Riau

kunaifi@hotmail.com





Transportasi Masa Depan di Riau

20 12 2009

Artikel ini diterbitkan Riau Pos 2 November 2009

BUKTI-bukti pemanasan global makin banyak. Surat kabar menceritakan kisah pencairan es besar-besaran di kutub, spesies-spesies yang punah, cuaca makin panas dan tidak menentu dan berbagai bencana alam.

Setiap pribadi perlu menyumbang peran dalam membantu menyelamatkan dunia, termasuk dari jalan raya. Sektor transportasi menyumbang secara signifikan kepada perubahan iklim. Menurut Badan Perubahan Iklim Australia, dari setiap liter bensin dibakar kendaaan bermotor, sekitar 2,3 kilogram karbon dioksida (CO2) dilepaskan ke udara.

Secara global, seperlima emisi gas rumah kaca (GRK) penyebab perubahan iklim, berasal dari sektor transportasi. Di negara-negara maju bahkan mencapai 30 persen. Di Indonesia, pada 2005, lebih 56 persen dari konsumsi BBM digunakan sektor transportasi (PEUI dan PLN, 2005).

Pada 2007 lalu diadakan pertemuan tingkat tinggi di California mengusung pertanyaan penting; apa yang harus dilakukan untuk mewujudkan transportasi berkelanjutan (sustainable transport)?

Konferensi yang dihadiri ratusan pemimpin dan pakar dari seluruh dunia, industri otomotif, industri energi dan LSM tersebut menyepakati tiga strategi mengurangi emisi GRK dari sektor transportasi; Pertama, tingkatkan efisiensi kendaraan bermotor. Kedua, kurangi muatan karbon (carbon content) bahan bakar kendaraan bermotor. Ketiga, kurangi perjalanan menggunakan kendaraan bermotor.

Artikel ini membuka wacana awal tentang sustainable transport di Provinsi Riau merujuk tiga strategi global di atas. Peran pemerintah dan masyakarat untuk membantu bumi dari bencana pemanasan global akan diusulkan.

Kendaraan Efisiensi Tinggi
Untuk jarak sama, kendaraan efisien mengkonsumsi lebih sedikit BBM. Beberapa ciri kendaraan efisien adalah memiliki teknologi variable valve, injeksi bahan bakar langsung, sistem transmisi lebih efisien, desain aerodinamik, dan lain-lain.

Menurut Dan Sperling dan Nic Lutsey dari Universitas California dan James Cannon dari Majalah Energy Futures (2009) dalam artikel berjudul Climate Change and Transportation, minimal 30 persen emisi GRK dapat dikurangi dengan menggunakan kendaraan efisiensi tinggi.

Penurunan emisi GRK lebih besar (hingga 80 persen, bahkan lebih) dapat dicapai melalui teknologi kendaraan hibrid. Sesuai namanya, kendaraan hibrid bekerja dengan lebih satu jenis sumber energi. Gasoline-fueled hybrid electric vehicles bekerja dengan listrik dan bensin. Pada jenis ini, listrik disimpan di baterai yang dapat diisi ulang. Bensin digunakan saat listrik pada baterai telah kosong atau digunakan bersama-sama dengan baterai.

Pada tipe hydrogen-powered fuel cell vehicles, hydrogen dan oksigen diubah menjadi listrik dan panas untuk menggerakkan mesin kendaraan. Banyak produsen mobil kini mengembangkan mobil hibrid. Namun karena mahal, diperlukan waktu cukup lama untuk penggunaan secara massal.

Jika kendaraan efisiensi tinggi atau kendaraan hibrid bukan pilihan anda, masih ada yang dapat dilakukan untuk membantu menyelamatkan umi, yaitu dengan merawat kendaraan dan mengubah perilaku saat berkendaraan.

Dengan memperhatikan kondisi ban, oli, dan filter udara misalnya, kendaraan menjadi lebih irit BBM yang juga berarti irit biaya. Selain itu, dengan mengubah teknik mengemudi, anda dapat mengurangi konsumsi BBM.

Ada beberapa kebijakan yang bisa digagas pemerintah untuk mengurangi emisi karbon dari jalan raya. Pertama, menaikkan bea masuk kendaraan bermotor efisiensi rendah dan sebaliknya, menurunkan bea masuk kendaraan efisiensi tinggi. Kedua, mendidik pengemudi, misalnya dengan memasukkan materi mengemudi ramah lingkungan ke soal-soal test pembuatan SIM. Ketiga, mendorong riset kendaraan efisiensi tinggi.

Bahan Bakar Rendah Karbon
Biodiesel atau Bahan Bakar Nabati (BBN) yang diproduksi dari beberapa jenis tumbuh-tumbuhan memiliki kandungan karbon lebih rendah daripada bensin dan solar. Beberapa jenis mesin diesel dapat dioperasikan dengan bahan-bakar seratus persen biodiesel. Namun kebanyakan dicampur dengan solar (diesel) dengan perbandingan 80:20 untuk solar dan biodiesel. Menurut Dan Sperling dkk. (2009), sekitar 20 persen pengurangan emisi GRK bisa didapatkan, tanpa mempengaruhi performa dan umur mesin.

Sebagai salah satu penghasil kelapa sawit terbesar di Indonesia, Riau berpotensi menjadi pelopor penggunaan biodiesel rendah karbon. Beberapa kebijakan yang bisa ditempuh Pemerintah Riau antara lain; Pertama, memberikan subsidi dan insentif kepada biodiesel. Kedua, meningkatkan harga jual kelapa sawit untuk biodiesel minimal sama dengan harga untuk CPO. Ketiga, menerapkan sanksi bagi kendaraan yang melampaui batas emisi gas buang. Keempat, mewajibkan industri menggunakan BBN untuk kendaraan operasional.

Transportasi Massal
Transportasi massal adalah krusial dan perlu digarap pemerintah. Di banyak negara maju, bus kota dan trem populer sebagai sarana transportasi dalam kota. Sedangkan untuk perjalanan antar kota, kereta api listrik merupakan pilihan bagus.

Dioperasikannya Trans Metro oleh Pemko Pekanbaru adalah terobosan bagus dan akan makin baik jika bahan-bakar Trans Metro diganti dari BBM ke gas yang lebih ramah lingkungan. Di masa depan, perlu digagas jaringan kereta api listrik minimal menghubungkan ibukota kabupaten-kabupaten dengan Kota Pekanbaru.

Namun, ada syarat minimal yang wajib dipenuhi pengelola transportasi massal: Pertama, biaya yang dikeluarkan penumpang dengan transportasi massal harus lebih murah daripada biaya menggunakan kendaraan pribadi.

Kedua, aman. Ketiga, nyaman, misalnya sirkulasi udara baik, bebas pedagang dan pengamen dan sebagainya. Keempat, mudah digunakan. Kelima, tepat waktu. Keenam, mudah diakses.

Jika syarat-syarat tersebut dipenuhi, maka penggunaan kendaraan pribadi akan ber-kurang. Misalnya, untuk perjalanan rutin seperti ke kantor dan sekolah, masyarakat akan lebih suka menggunakan transportasi umum karena sama aman dan nyaman dengan berkendaraan pribadi, tepat waktu dan lebih murah.

Kesimpulan
Ketiga strategi yang ditawarkan Konferensi Dunia Sustainable Transport 2007 dapat membantu mengurangi konsumsi BBM di sektor transportasi dan pada akhirnya mengurangi emisi GRK serta menghemat rupiah. Riau berpotensi menjadi pioner mewujudkan sustainable transport, minimal karena kekuatan finansial yang dimilikinya. Namun sesungguhnya persoalan utama kita bukan pada uang atau soal-soal teknis, namun political will dan political action. Ditunggu gebrakan anggota DPRD Riau dan kabupaten/kota yang baru dilantik untuk menggagas sustainable transport di Riau.***





Bukti baru pemanasan global (New evidence of climate change)

7 04 2009

Jika anda ragu apakah climate change merupakan kenyataan atau tidak, mungkin hasil riset ratusan ilmuwan berbagai negara di dunia bisa membuat anda percaya bahwa perubahan iklim sudah terjadi. Jika anda masih belum percaya, mungkin laporan Steve Gorman (Reuters) berikut bisa membuat anda percaya.

Es di kutub selatan adalah komponen utama untuk menjaga suhu Bumi sejuk. Namun penipisan lapisan es kini terus berlangsung. Dari pengamatan satelit, luas kawasan es yang menipis kini mencapai 70% dari keseluruhan kutub selatan, meningkat tajam dari 40%-50% tahun 80 hingga 90an.

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Es di kutub mencair (Foto: Dailymail)

Para ilmuwan telah bertahun-tahun berteriak tentang bahaya berkurangnya lapisan es di kutub yang berfungsi sebagai Air Conditioner (AC) raksasa bagi planet Bumi. Ketika es di kutub mencair, sinar matahari tidak lagi jatuh ke permukaan es yang terang yang bersifat memantulkan cahaya, melainkan jatuh ke air laut yang berwarna lebih gelap. Akibatnya, lebih banyak cahaya matahari di kutub diserap daripada dipantulkan, mengakibatkan panas Bumi meningkat. Hal ini terjadi akibat ulah manusia melepaskan gas rumah kaca ke udara, sehingga panas cahaya matahari terperangkap antara Bumi dan atmosfer dan mencairkan es di kutub.

Dari pengamatan satelit, luas maksimum es kutub selatan yang mencair sepanjang musim dingin 2008-09 adalah 15,2 juta kilometer persegi.

Silahkan simak berita langkapnya di SINI. Lihat juga video es mencair di kutub di SINI.

Bencana perubahan iklim memang tidak datang tiba-tiba seperti gempa bumi atau tsunami. Namun bahayanya tidak kurang mengerikan. Kita sering terlena karena perubahan sedikit demi sedikit ini tidak kita sadari.

Lakukan sesuatu, sekecil apapun, untuk Bumi dan mahluk hidup di dalamnya, termasuk manusia.





Ikut pelatihan tapi nunggak

31 03 2009

Minggu lalu saya baca di internet bahwa Research Institute for Sustainable Energy (RISE) akan mengadakan pelatihan menarik berjudul “Designing & Installing PV System (grid-connected)” alias “Perancangan dan Instalasi Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Surya (PLTS) yang tersambung jaringan distribusi.” RISE adalah lembaga riset energi terbarukan milik Universitas Murdoch, Australia. RISE juga satu-satunya laboratorium di Australia Barat yang memiliki kualifikasi dan hak mengeluarkan sertifikat bagi peralatan sistem pembangkit energi terbarukan. Sekedar info, di Australia semua perlatan energi terbarukan baru boleh dipasang setelah mengantongi sertifikat. RISE berhak mengeluarkan sertifikat tersebut karena memiliki laboratorium uji yang lengkap dan para ahli yang cukup. Selain itu, RISE juga terlibat dalam penyusunan setiap Standar Nasional Australia untuk sistem energi terbarukan.

Agak terlambat saya lihat berita tentang pelatihan. Cuma ada waktu persiapan empat hari. Mengapa perlu persiapan? Karena biayanya cukup mahal, yaitu $660, setara dengan sekitar 5 juta rupiah. Saya sempat berpikir apakah saya butuh pelatihan ini atau tidak, karena kuliah saya juga di bidang ini. Jangan-jangan nanti cuma pengulangan saja. Untuk mendapatkan jawaban saya hubungi salah satu dosen di jurusan saya. Beliau menjawab bahwa materi pelatihan tersebut sama dengan yang diajarkan di kuliah lain, tapi ada sedikit penekanan pada metode instalasi PLTS. Beliau juga menyarankan saya minta diskon karena saya mahasiswa di Universitas yang sama.

Saya kirim email ke panitia pelatihan mengatakan saya adalah mahasiswa di universitas tersebut dan minta diskon. Hasilnya, saya diberi diskon 50%. Saya cukup terkesan juga karena panitia pelatihan langsung saja memberi diskon tidak minta bukti apapun, misalnya kartu mahasiswa, surat keterangan kuliah di universitas tersebut, bukti pembayaran SPP terakhir, rekomendasi pembimbing akademik, dsb. Tentu mereka tidak perlu semua itu, karena semua data mahasiswa sudah tertata rapi sehingga bisa diakses ke Student Central.

Pelatihan dua dua hari tersebut saya ikuti dengan senang. Walaupun belum bayar, panitia tidak melarang saya ikut, bahkan tidak pernah menanyakan tentang pembayaran saya. Hingga pelatihan usai dan saya menerima sertifikat panitia belum bertanya juga. Akhirnya saya tidak enak sendiri, lalu mengirim email bahwa biaya pelatihan akan saya bayar besok hehehe.

Banyak manfaat yang saya dapatkan dari pelatihan ini. Walaupun terbukti bahwa materi pelatihan sudah saya dapatkan dalam kuliah, tapi saya senang mendapat teman-teman baru. Dari sekitar 25 orang peserta, cuma ada 4 orang mahasiswa, sisanya adalah orang-orang industri. Beberapa adalah insinyur di perusahaan multinasional.

Pelatihan berlangsung dua hari full time, dari jam 9 pagi hingga 4.30 sore. Materi utamanya: (1) perancangan PLTS tersambung jaringan, (2) instalasi PLTS tersambung jaringan. Kedua topik tersebut mengikuti Standar Nasional Australia AS4777, AS5033 dan AS3000. Sebagian besar isi ketiga standar tersebut mengacu pada standar-standar IEC (International Electrotechnical Commission).

Sepanjang yang saya amati, hubungan universitas dan industri terjalin baik di Australia. Jika pihak industri ingin mempelajari hal-hal baru atau mengalami masalah, mereka akan datang ke universitas mencari jawaban. Sebaliknya, pihak universitas menjadi makin pakar karena selalu berahadapan dengan kasus-kasus baru. Di kampung saya agak beda. Di kampung saya supremasi ilmu sering dipegang orang industri. Orang industri sering bilang “orang kampus hanya tau teori, sedangkan orang industri tahu teori dan praktek.” Sebaliknya, orang kampus pun begitu, mengakui bahwa ilmu yang dimilikinya selalu tertinggal dibanding perkembangan di industri. Saya tidak bermaksud mengkapling-kapling kepemilikan ilmu, hanya ingin mengatakan bahwa orang industri sudah tampil oke, tapi orang universitas mesti lebih maju lagi. Juga tidak bermaksud mengatakan bahwa tidak ada orang universitas yang punya kualifikasi tinggi. Ada, banyak malah. Tapi sebagian besar memang perlu mengembangkan diri, terutama saya sendiri.

Jadi hubungan universitas dan industri perlu dirubah. Bagaimana caranya: (1) Pihak universitas mesti mampu mengejar gap antara teori di kelas dengan praktek di lapangan, sehingga yang diajarkan dan dikerjakan  di universitas adalah pengetahuan terkini yang dipakai di lapangan, (2) Pihak industri perlu mulai mempercayakan masalah-masalahnya pada universitas. Daripada membuat laboratorium sendiri, dari pada pusing memikirkan masalah-masalah operasional atau pengembangan, sebaiknya industri menyerahkan urusan tersebut pada universitas. Hal ini akan membangun hubungan saling membutuhkan dan menguntungkan di antara kedua belah pihak.

Berikut adalah beberapa foto yang sempat saya ambil saat pelatihan. Walaupun sudah sering melakukan praktikum di laboratorium ini, baru kali ini saya punya kesempatan foto-foto. Jika anda berminat melanjutkan studi S3 di bidang energi terbarukan, mungkin foto-foto berikut bisa memberi anda sedikit gambaran apakah RISE akan menjadi kantor anda selama 4 tahun ke depan?

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Sistem PLTS di atap gedung ini menyediakan sebagian besar kebutuhan listrik gedung di bawahnya.

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Semua kebutuhan listrik gedung ini dihasilkan PLTS di atas atapnya

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Teman kursus saya adalah para insinyur senior di berbagai perusahaan di Australia, sebagian sudah tua.

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Multicystalline PV array dan turbin angin 30 kW di belakang

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Saya di depan salah satu PV array

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Sistem ini dilengkapi solar tracker

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Fasilitas riset pemanas air tenaga surya

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Fasilitas riset baru ‘solar colector’ dalam persiapan instalasi. Dengan fasilitas ini sinar matahari dipantulkan ke tabung-tabung yang di dalamnya terdapat air. Air di tabung menjadi panas lalu dikumpulkan pada tangki. Uap air panas ini digunakan untuk memutar turbin untuk menghasilkan listrik.

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Modul-modul surya in dipasang di sini oleh sebuah industri solar panel di Jepang untuk diuji.

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Me again…. sorry!!

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Dua buah Pyranometer (alau ukur energi sinar matahari) dan Anemometer (alar ukur kecepatan angin)

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Modul surya dan kincir angin berbaris rapi

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Anemometer dan sensor arah angin

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Salah satu sudut fasilitas outdoor di RISE.

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Penampakan lain fasilitas riset di RISE

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Fasilitas penyulingan air menggunakan tenaga surya

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Ini adalah kantor RISE, kebutuhan listriknya didapat dari PLTS dia tas atap gedung dan kincir angin.

Jika anda ingin melihat fasilitas lain di RISE (misalnya fasilitas indoor), silahkan lihat pada tulisan saya yang lain di  SINI. Namun masih cukup banyak fasilitas yang luput saya foto, antara lain fasilitas riset fuel cell di RISE. Informasi lebih lengkap ada di SINI.





Happy Birthday, the Greatest Human Ever

10 03 2009

Kemarin adalah hari lahir manusia paling utama, Rasulullah Muhammad SAW. Tidak banyak yang saya lakukan untuk merayakan hari lahir Beliau karena urusan dunia yang tak kunjung usai. Saya perlu menyesali diri untuk itu.

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Hanya bisa berucap:

Allahuma Sali Ala Muhammad, wa Ala Ali Muhammad